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Lycopus virginicus - Plant

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Lycopus virginicus is a species of flowering plant in the mint family known by many common names.
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Description for Lycopus virginicus

Lycopus virginicus is a species of flowering plant in the mint family. This perennial wildflower more or less erect with an unbranched stem. The stem is light green, 4-angled, and slightly pubescent. Leaves are medium green, lanceolate-ovate to ovate, and serrated along their margins.

Dense clusters of numerous flowers occur in the axils of the leaves. Each flower is consisting of a light green calyx that is short-tubular with 4-5 teeth, a white corolla that is short-tubular with 4-5 tiny lobes, 2 stamens, and a pistil. The rather broad teeth of the calyx are triangular ovate. The stamens are more or less included with the corolla.

Common name Flower colours Bloom time Height Difficulty
Virginia Bugleweed, Virginia water horehound, American water hoarhound, sweet bugleweed, water bugle, herb of carpenter, green archangel, purple archangel, betony of Paul, woodbetony, wolf foot White Midsummer 10 to 20 inches Easy to grow

Planting and care

This species adapts to many kinds of wetlands, whether they are in a degraded or high-quality state. Virginia Bugleweed will thrive in full sun to light shade, wet to consistently moist conditions, and any soil containing significant amounts of organic matter. Standing water is tolerated for short to intermediate periods of time.

Sunlight Soil Water Temperature Fertilizer
Full Sun Well-drained soil Medium - Apply any organic fertilizer

Caring for Lycopus virginicus

  • Remove deadhead to prolong flowering.
  • Maintain moderate soil moisture and fertilize lightly.
  • The plant will die with the first frost.

Typical uses of Lycopus virginicus

Special features: The whole herb is used. It is slightly aromatic, with a mint-like odour and is used, fresh, when in flower, for the preparation of a tincture and a fluid extract, until recent years official in the United States Pharmacopoeia. It is also used dried for making an infusion.

Culinary use: NA

Ornamental use: The plant is used for an ornamental purpose.

Medicinal use: Sedative, astringent and mildly narcotic. Used in coughs, bleeding from the lungs and consumption. The infusion made from 1 OZ. of the dried herb to 1 pint of boiling water is taken in wineglassful doses, frequently, the fluid extract in doses of 10 to 30 drops, and the dry extract, Lycopin, in doses of 1 to 4 grains.

Note: Please consult your health expert.


  • http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-115984
  • http://botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/b/buglew84.html
  • https://www.google.co.in/search?q=Lycopus+virginicus&oq=Lycopus+virginicus&aqs=chrome..69i57&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8
  • Lycopus virginicus. USDA PLANTS Profile.
  • http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/wetland/plants/va_bugleweed.htm

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