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Description for Jeffersonia diphylla
Jeffersonia which is also known as twinleaf or rheumatism root is a small genus of herbaceous perennial plants in the family Berberidaceae. They are uncommon spring wildflowers, which grow in limestone soils of rich deciduous forests.
It is a clump-forming plant, flower in early spring, but continues to grow thereafter. Features long-stemmed, blue-green basal leaves which are deeply divided into two lobes that give the appearance of being two separate leaves, hence the common name.
Flowers are somewhat reminiscent of bloodroot, but the plants are unrelated and in different families. Fruit is an interesting pear-shaped dehiscent pod with a lid.
Planting and care
It is native from New York to Wisconsin south to Alabama and Virginia. It is usually found in limestone soils in rich damp woods.
Caring for Jeffersonia diphylla
- Young plants do not compete well and should be kept free of weeds.
- Soils must not be allowed to dry out.
- Appreciates a summer mulch to help keep the roots cool.
Typical uses of Jeffersonia diphylla
Special features: Woodland gardens, shade gardens, native plant gardens or shaded areas of rock gardens. When massed, foliage forms an effective ground cover for shady areas.
Culinary use: NA
Ornamental use: The plant is used for an ornamental purpose.
Medicinal use: NA
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