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Hypericum perforatum - Plant

Note: The image is for reference purpose only.
Hypericum perforatum (Perforate St Johns Wort) is an erect perennial herb.
Aromatic / Fragrant Plants
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Description for Hypericum perforatum

unbranched rounded stem 20-50 cm tall. Lance-like leaves are paired and stem-clasping. Yellow flowers occur in a branched cluster at the top of the stem. Petals have marginal black dots. The leaves of Perforate St Johns Wort, when held to the light, reveal translucent dots, giving the impression that the leaf is perforated.

Common name Flower colours Bloom time Height Difficulty
St. Johns wort, Choli phulya, Perforate St Johns Wort Yellow May to August 1 to 2.5 feet Easy to grow

Planting and care

It thrives in areas with either a winter- or summer-dominant rainfall pattern. Depending on the individual species, St. John s Wort may survive in USDA hardiness zones from 3-10. St. John s Wort should be grown in a spot where they will receive full sun or partial to light shade. Plant them in average to fertile, well-draining garden soil.

Sunlight Soil Water Temperature Fertilizer
Full sun to part shade Well-drained soils Medium Up to 24 degrees C Apply any organic fertilizer

Caring for Hypericum perforatum

  • Hypericum grows well from seed sown in sunny, well-drained soil that has a pH between 5.5 and 7. If the soil has a pH below 5.5, you can add lime, or, if the pH is above 7, peat moss helps to improve the pH balance.
  • The seeds should be scattered over the soil and then covered with a light layer of soil.
  • The soil should remain moist, but not overly wet as this could cause rotting, during the germination period of three weeks to three months.
  • The weakest Hypericum seedlings should be removed as should any weeds that spring up.

Typical uses of Hypericum perforatum

Special features: Easily grown in medium moisture

Culinary use: NA

Ornamental use: It is used as an ornamental plant.

Medicinal use: Aromatic, astringent, resolvent, expectorant and nervine. Used in all pulmonary complaints, bladder troubles, in suppression of urine, dysentery, worms, diarrhoea, hysteria and nervous depression, haemoptysis and other haemorrhages and jaundice.

References

  • https://www.rhs.org.uk/plants/details?plantid=1001
  • http://www.carithers.com/pages/hypericum.htm
  • http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Perforate%20St%20Johns%20Wort.html

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