Horse nettle - Plant
Description for Horse nettle
Solanum elaeagnifolium (Silverleaf Nightshade, Prairie Berry, Silverleaf Nettle, White Horsenettle ) and Solanum carolinense L.(Horse nettle, Apple of Sodom, Carolina horsenettle, nightshade)
Silverleaf Nightshade gets its name from the silvery hairs that cover the plant, along with the nettle-like prickles. The leaves are 2-4 inches long, with wavy edges. Flowers are violet-purple or white, about 2 cm across, with 5 petal-like lobes that are joined at the base, forming a triangular shape at the tip of each lobe.
Horse-nettle is not related to true nettles, but rather to nightshade, tomatoes, and potatoes. The horse nettle flower has five broad, pointed petals that form a somewhat star-shaped corolla
|Common name||Flower colours||Bloom time||Height||Difficulty|
|Horse nettle, Apple of Sodom, Carolina horsenettle, Nightshade, Silverleaf Nightshade, Prairie Berry, Silverleaf Nettle, White Horsenettle||White, Purple White, Purple||May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct||Up to 3 ft||Easy to grow|
Planting and care
|Full Sun||Well-drained soil||Medium||68 degrees to 86 degrees F (20 degrees to 30 degrees C)||Apply any organic fertilizer|
Caring for Horse nettle
- The yellow fruits resemble small tomatoes and remain on the plant for months. They are said to be poisonous. The lavender, star-shaped flowers with yellow centers look attractive in the silvery foliage. But the plant is an aggressive, poisonous weed, spreading steadily from deep rootstocks; in a few states, it is classified as a noxious weed.
Typical uses of Horse nettle
Special features: Characteristics distinguishing horsenettle from other nightshades are its perennial spreading roots and prickly stems and leaves. Five thick stamens of Solanum carolinense seem to have a "beak" shape.
Ornamental use: The plant is used for an ornamental purpose.
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