Description for Hophornbeam
It has a finely branched rounded crown. The trunk is up to 2' across. On mature trees, the bark of the trunk is rough-textured and grayish brown, dividing into narrow rectangular strips; this provides the trunk with a slightly shaggy appearance. The bark of smaller branches is more smooth and gray with small lenticels.
The alternate leaves are ovate, pinnately veined, and doubly serrated.Hop Hornbeam is usually monoecious, the same tree has separate male and female flowers in the form of catkins. On rare occasions, some trees are unisexual.
|Common name||Flower colours||Bloom time||Height||Difficulty|
|Eastern hophornbeam, American hophornbeam, hardhack||White, Yellow, Green, Brown||Spring||25 to 60 feet||Easy to grow|
Planting and care
American hophornbeam likes full sun or partial shade. It prefers slightly acidic soil and well-drained sites. It loves hilly areas, and in the wild, often grows in fairly dry, even rocky soil. It is hardy in Zones 3 to 9.
The tree should be mulched and watered until it is established. Although it is not sensitive to drought, it can not survive flooding. It is also very sensitive to deicing salt.
|Sun, Part Shade, Shade||Rich, well-drained soil||Low||13 degrees C (56 degrees F)||Apply any organic fertilizer|
Caring for Hophornbeam
- Sow immediately after collection or pre-treat and sow in early spring.
- This tree has no serious pest problems, although it can be susceptible to chestnut borer if it is under stress.
- In the woods, it is one of the first trees to be defoliated by gypsy moth.
Typical uses of Hophornbeam
Special features: No serious insect or disease problems. Some food value to songbirds and small mammals.
Culinary use: NA
Ornamental use: It is grown as an ornamental plant and is sometimes used as a street tree.
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