Guarana - Plant
Description for Guarana
Guarana, Paullinia cupana, is a climbing plant in the maple family, Sapindaceae, native to the Amazon basin and especially common in Brazil. Guarana features large leaves and clusters of flowers and is best known for the seeds from its fruit, which are about the size of a coffee bean.
|Common name||Flower colours||Bloom time||Height||Difficulty|
|Brazilian cocoa, guarana gum, guarana paste||White to pale white||Summer||8 to 10 Feet||Moderate|
Planting and care
Obtaining seeds is not easy as this rather a rare plant. What is more challenging is that mostly guarana seeds are viable only for about 72 hours (after which it decays drastically) and may require up to 100 days to issue the first leaflets.
Sow seeds 1/2 inches deep. Always keep the soil moist. It is important at the same time to keep the substrate warm and humid with minimum temperature around 20 Â° C. Alternatively, to soften the seed coat, you can also keep the seeds in warm water for 24 hours before proceeding.
|Full Sun to Partial Shade||Well-drained soil||Medium||28 to 29 degrees C||Apply any organic fertilizer|
Caring for Guarana
- No restriction in watering, keep the soil deeply and evenly moist. Water the guarana plant every morning before the sun hits the leaves.
- For growing guarana, soil should be acidic, pH level around 4.5.
- Light, loamy soil is recommended.
Typical uses of Guarana
Special features: Guarana features large leaves and clusters of flowers, and is best known for the seeds from its fruit, which are about the size of a coffee bean.
Culinary use: NA
Ornamental use: The plant is used for ornamental purpose.
Medicinal use: Guarana is a plant named for the Guarani tribe in the Amazon, who used the seeds to brew a drink. Today, guarana seeds are still used as medicine. Guarana is used for weight loss, to enhance athletic performance, as a stimulant, and to reduce mental and physical fatigue.
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