Description for Guar
The Guar or cluster bean, with the botanical name Cyamopsis tetragonoloba, is an annual legume and the source of guar gum. It is also known as Gavar, Guwar or Guvar bean. The stiff branches have white hairs and trifoliate leaves.
The flowers are white or pink and the pods are straight, hairy, pale green and up to 10 cm long. It is grown for gum production. The young tender pods can be eaten as vegetables and the seeds are used as livestock feed.
|Common name||Flower colours||Bloom time||Height||Difficulty|
|Guar, Cluster Bean, Calcutta lucerne, guar, gavar||White, purplish pink||August-December||2 to 3 m||Easy to grow|
Planting and care
Cluster beans plant grows between 1-2m in height, it is an upright plant with oval shaped leaves and fine branching. Plant develops bunch of flowers, in colors of blue, pink, pale and white depending on the variety before forming seedpods. It forms slimy and glossy seedpods of green color in clusters that is why it is called cluster beans.
|Full Sun||Medium-textured and sandy loam, Well-drained soil||Medium||70 & 73 degrees F (21 degrees C);||Apply any organic fertilizer|
Caring for Guar
- Cluster bean plant is drought tolerant, however it loves water when it is establishing and flowering, regular watering is essential at that time.
Fertilize your plant with 10-10-10 fertilizer after a month of planting, you can also use single super phosphate fertilizer if your soil test indicates lack of phosphorus in soil.
Typical uses of Guar
Special features: Cluster bean plant can be grown in containers too; a process of planting is similar to the way it is planted on the ground.
Culinary use: NA
Ornamental use: The plant is used for an ornamental purpose.
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