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Dioscorea villosa - Plant

Dioscorea villosa - Plant
Note: The image is for reference purpose only. The actual product may vary in shape or appearance based on climate, age, height etc.
They are tuberous herbaceous perennial lianas, growing to 2 to 12 m or more tall. The leaves are spirally arranged, mostly broad heart-shaped. The flowers are individually inconspicuous, greenish-yellow, with six petals; they are mostly dioecious, with separate male and female plants, though a few species are monoecious, with male and female flowers on the same plant.
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Dioscorea villosa Plant

Description for Dioscorea villosa

Plant height: 3 - 6 inches
Plant spread:

Dioscorea villosa is a species of a twining tuberous vine that is native to eastern North America. It is common and widespread in a range stretching from Texas and Florida north to Minnesota, Ontario and Massachusetts.

Common name(s): Yams
Flower colours: Yellow-green
Bloom time: Seasonal bloomer
Max reacahble height: 1 to 2 feet
Difficulty to grow:: Easy to grow

Planting and care

I first encountered wild yam on a walk around what became the North American Native Plant Society nature reserve, the Shining Tree Woods, in autumn 12 years ago. Next spring that vine had many seeds, and I received permission to take a few.
The seed of wild yam will germinate readily. When you start your plants, you will find that within a few years they will spread by both a more robust root system (which is like five-millimetre or two-tenths of an inch-thick pasta, interconnected versus discrete, and a dark reddish colour) and new shoots from these roots, or by seeds being dispersed by wind and creatures.

Sunlight: Full sun to part shade
Soil: Well-drained soil
Water: Medium
Temperature: 25 degrees C
Fertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer

Caring for Dioscorea villosa

    Collect seed from the vines in late fall or anytime in winter separate the seed from the seed capsules in a plot in the garden, clear away any plants there now, and loosen the soil:
    The plot will need a few hours of sun during the spring season mark the garden plot! Scatter the seed on the bare ground, cover with a sprinkling of garden soil and some leaf litter:

Typical uses of Dioscorea villosa

Special features: It is suggested that Dioscorea be limited to pot culture.

Ornamental use: The plant is used for ornamental purpose.

Medicinal use: Native Americans and early herbalist had many uses for this plant including the treatment of many female and childbirth related problems. It was also used to treat various gastrointestinal problems, muscle spasms, various painful conditions such as arthritis and rheumatism.
There seems to be no scientific evidence of its effectiveness for these conditions. Nonetheless, plants of this genus are valuable to modern medicine. Many of our modern steroids are manufactured from diosgenin extracted from them.

References

    http://www.nanps.org/index.php/gardening/native-plants-to-know/122-dioscorea-villosa-wild-yam-5-4 http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=b139 http://www.flowersofindia.net/risearch/search.php?query=Dioscorea+villosa&stpos=0&stype=AND

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