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Caesalpinia coriaria - Plant

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caesalpinia coriaria - plant
Note: The image is for reference purpose only. See plant detail below
Divi-divi is a shrub or a small tree with a rounded, spreading crown; it usually grows up to 10 metres tall, but can be much taller.
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Description for Caesalpinia coriaria

Caesalpinia coriaria is a leguminous tree or large shrub native. Leaves are bipinnate, with 5-10 pairs of pinnae, each pinna with 15-25 pairs of leaflets; the individual leaflets are 7 mm long and 2 mm broad. The fruit is a twisted pod 5 cm (2.0 in) long.

Common nameFlower coloursBloom timeHeightDifficulty
Common names include Divi-divi, Cascalote, Guaracabuya, Guatapana, Nacascol and Watapana(Aruba).OrangeSeasonal bloomerC. coriaria rarely reaches its maximum height of 9 m (30 ft) because its growth is contorted by the trade winds that batter the exposed coastal sites where it often grows.easy to grow

Planting and care

Plants do not thrive in Zones 9 to 10 without a period of refrigeration; they need a cold, dormant period. Select a site with soil that drains well. How can you tell? After a good rain, find a spot that is the first to dry out. Water trapped beneath the scales may rot the bulb, so a well-drained site is essential.

SunlightSoilWaterTemperatureFertilizer
full sunSucceeds in any moderately fertile, well-drained soil.
It grows on rich clay soils and poor sandy soils.
Succeeds with a pH in the range 4.5 - 8.7.
It requires a position in full sun.
Watering might be necessary in the dry season for the first two years.15 to 28°Capply any organic fertilizer

Caring for Caesalpinia coriaria

    Diligently water your plants. Soak the entire root zone at least twice a week in dry summer weather. Avoid frequent shallow sprinklings, which wont reach the deeper roots and may encourage fungus. Plants do best with 90 inches of rain per year, so unless you live in a rain forest, water regularly.

Typical uses of Caesalpinia coriaria

Special features: Pollinators:Bees
Cultivation Status:Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
Succeeds with a pH in the range 4.5 - 8.7

Culinary use: Is edible no Culinary uses Nutritional value Edible parts Description of edible parts Flavor / texture

Ornamental use: It is grown as an ornamental in many parts of the tropics and is sometimes still cultivated for its tannins.

Medicinal use: The astringent pods are used as an antiperiodics.
A decoction of the pods is used in the treatment of haemorrhoids, and in an infusion for dressing sores.
The bark or pods are employed dressing wounds
The roots are febrifuge.
They are used in the treatment of abscesses and chronic wounds
The seeds contain 5 - 9% of a fixed oil, about half of which consists of cyclopropenoid fatty acids, which have carcinogenic properties.

References

    http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/ http://www.flowersofindia.net/
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