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Casuarina equisetifolia, Australian Pine Tree - Plant

Note: The image is for reference purpose only.
Casuarina equisetifolia is an evergreen tree and has a conifer-like appearance.
Annual Plants
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Description for Casuarina equisetifolia, Australian Pine Tree

The foliage of this perennial plant consists of slender, much branched green to grey-green twigs, bearing minute scale-leaves in whorls of 6 to 8. The flowers are produced in small catkin-like inflorescences. It is monoecious, with male and female flowers produced on the same tree.

Common name Flower colours Bloom time Height Difficulty
Whistling Pine, Casuarina, Common Ironwood, Beefwood, Bull-oak, Jungli Saru Inconspicuous (Light brown) Male flowers by second year and females a little later. Up to 35 m Easy to grow

Planting and care

It grows along sandy coasts and coastal forests naturally. It can be propagated by seed. A spacing of 4 x 4 to 6 x 6 feet is ideal which allows intercropping in the first year. The soil is scooped to the depth and width of the bag, planted preferably with the onset of rains.

Sunlight Soil Water Temperature Fertilizer
Full sun Well-Drained Soils, Saline, Loose, Fine Soils Moderate. The irrigation is required for once in every 10 to 15 days. 16 to 45 degrees C Use any organic fertilizer.

Caring for Casuarina equisetifolia

  • Be careful to water the plants regularly during the first two years following planting.
  • Do watering is done along with the planting.
  • Organic insecticides such as biocide are highly effective to get rid of moths (parasites).

Harvesting

NA

Typical uses of Casuarina equisetifolia

Special features: It has a strong resistance to high winds and can thus be used as a windbreak.

Culinary use: The seeds are roasted for salt. The leaves and green fruit were chewed to stimulate salivation to quench thirst.

Note: Please consult your health expert.

Ornamental use: The tree is commonly grown as an ornamental.

Medicinal use: Bark and twigs are used in ayurvedic preparations.

Note: Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

References

  • http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2705446
  • http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Whistling%20Pine.html
  • https://florafaunaweb.nparks.gov.sg/Special-Pages/plant-detail.aspx?id=2793
  • http://www.tnau.ac.in/fcri/Technologies_files/casuarina.pdf

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