Sal, Tree of Moola Nakshatra, Sagittarius or Dhanu Rashi - Plant
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Description for Shorea Robusta, Sal, Shala, Jayanti
Shorea robusta belongs to the Dipterocarpaceae family. Sal is one of the most important sources of hardwood timber in India, with hard, coarse-grained wood that is light in color when freshly cut and becoming dark brown with exposure. Shorea robusta belongs to the Dipterocarpaceae family.
The crown is spreading and spherical. The bark is dark brown and thick, with longitudinal fissures deep in poles, becoming shallow in mature trees, and provides effective fire protection. The sal flowers, whitish in color, appear in early summer. These are borne in raceme-like panicles in leaf axils, covered with white pubescence.
Planting and care
In wetter areas, it is evergreen; in drier areas, it is dry-season deciduous, shedding most of the leaves in between February to April.
- It require well-drained, fertile soils, though it prefers a moist sandy loam with good subsoil drainage.
- It dos not tolerate water-logging.
Sunlight: Full SunSoil: well-drained soilWater: mediumTemperature: 22â€“27 Â°CFertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer
Caring for Shorea Robusta
- It cannot grow in shade. It requires sunlight.
- It requires moist soil but avoid overflowing of water.
Typical uses of Shorea Robusta
Special features: Sal tree resin, á¹›la in Sanskrit, is used as an astringent in Ayurvedic medicine. It is also burned as incense in Hindu ceremonies, and sal seeds and fruit are a source of lamp oil and vegetable fat.
- Shorea robusta seed oil is extracted from the seeds and used as cooking oil after refining. Some cultures in Bengal worship Sarna Burhi, a goddess associated with sacred groves of Sal trees.
Culinary use: The seeds are a source of 'sal butter', an oil that is used in cooking like ghee and as a substitute for cocoa butter in making chocolate. Fruits are also eaten occasionally.
Ornamental use: The plant is used for ornamental purpose
Medicinal use: Shorea robusta (Sal), an important traditional Indian medicinal plant used in various ailments and rituals and the indigenous use of the resin of this plant as a medicament for treatment of various inflammatory conditions is well documented in literature.
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