Allium (Mix Color) - Bulbs
Description for Allium (Mix Color)
Allium has been an increasing number of species are important as ornamental plants. The flowers form an umbel at the top of a leafless stalk. The bulbs vary in size between species, from small (around 2 to 3 mm in diameter) to rather large (8 to 10 cm).
The bulbs are solitary or clustered and tunicate and the plants are perennialized by the bulbs reforming annually from the base of the old bulbs. The leaf blades are straight or variously coiled, but some species have broad leaves.
The flowers, which are produced on scapes are erect or in some species pendent. The inflorescences are umbels, in which the outside flowers bloom first and flowering signs of progress to the inside.
|Common name||Flower colours||Bloom time||Height||Difficulty|
|Alliums||Varies||Fall plantings of Allium come into bloom in January-April, while spring plantings will flower in late summer.||5 cm to 150 cm||Easy to grow|
Planting and care
Choose a location in full sun and be sure the soil is well drained. The one environment that Alliums do not tolerate is hot and wet. The cool soil of fall and early spring offers some protection from rotting, but soil that is never soggy gives extra insurance.
Plant the tuber claw pointed end down and 1 to 2 inches deep, less in clay soil. Space jumbos 8 to 12 inches apart (at least one tuber per square foot), number three tubers about 4 inches apart (two or three per square foot). Those living in areas with cool summers can plant bulbs outdoors in the spring for late summer blooms.
|Full sun to partial shade||Cultivate the soil to a depth of 9-to-12 inches, working fertilizer and organic matter into the planting bed.||Water Allium after leaves emerges when necessary to maintain a moist planting area but do not saturate the soil. Allium tubers rot very easily in wet soil. Use a soaker hose or other form of ground irrigation to avoid wetting flowers once ranunculus begins to bud.||Not more than 60 degrees F(16 degrees C) during the day and 45 to 50 degrees F(7-10 degrees C) at night.||Apply fertilizer to the planting bed after the foliage dies down. A balanced fertilizer blend, such as 10-10-10, bone meal or a fertilizer blend designed specifically for flower bulbs, can be used, following product instructions.|
Caring for Allium
- It is an easy flower to grow. Care of Allium to ensure yearly displays may require that you pull out the tubers at the end of the season.
- Allow the foliage to almost completely die back and then dig out the tubers.
- Lay them in a cool, dry place to evaporate all the moisture from the bulbs.
- Store the tubers in a dark location until spring and then start them indoors in pots.
- Replant the Alliums outside when all danger of frost is passed and the first true leaves are evident.
- These require temperatures of no more than 60 degrees F (16 degrees C) during the day and 45 to 50 degrees F (7 to 10 degrees C) at night to break dormancy and begin sprouting.
Typical uses of Allium
Special features: Attractive flowers
Culinary use: NA
Ornamental use: The genus includes many economically important species.
Medicinal use: NA
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