Gerbera Micro Mini - Seeds
Origin: The name of the red gerbera is native to Africa, Madagascar, South America and Tropical Asia. Also known as the African Daisy, as well as Barberton Daisy and Transvaal Daisy, its name comes from the 18th century German naturalist, Traugot Gerber.
Common name: Gerbera
Color: white petals circling a cone-shaped yellow centre
Bloom time: Red gerbera daisies are considered perennial flowers in warm areas and annual ones in places where winter is involved. Naturally, red gerbera daisies bloom only during springtime, but they can be found all year long in florist shops.
Height: Can grow to anywhere from 60 centimetres to 1 metre tall.
Difficulty level: Easy
Planting & Care
Sunlight: Place your gerberas in a sunny windowsill where they can get approximately six hours of sunlight per day. Find a semi-shaded area outside if you are growing them outdoors -- a shaded patio or veranda is ideal.
Soil: Check the soil of the site. If it is heavy or clay-like, you will need to amend it with compost, peat moss and sand. Gerbera flowers grow best in areas with slightly sandy, well-drained soil. Once you ve amended the soil, dig holes for your gerbera plants that are about a foot apart. These holes should be twice as wide as the flower s original container but no deeper. Planting any part of the gerbera s stem can cause the flower to rot. After planting the flowers, pack in the remaining soil firmly and water thoroughly.
Water: Water your gerbera plants in the morning. Avoid wetting the flowers -- moisten the soil that the pants grow in. Allow the soil to dry before watering again. Avoid overwatering your gerberas as this may trigger poor flower growth and root or crown rot.
Temprature: Expose your gerberas to average local temperatures. Avoid temperatures above 70 degrees Fahrenheit, if possible, since heat may cause your gerberas to stop blooming. If you can t provide your gerberas with a shaded outdoor area, move them indoors during the hottest hours of the day.
Fertilizer: Fertilize your gerberas every other week during the spring and summer flowering period. Use a water-soluble fertilizer that s rich in potassium and phosphorous.
- Planting Seeds1 Fill several peat pots with a general-purpose potting mixture.
- You can also use plastic seed trays or celled trays, but peat pots are planted directly in the garden, causing less disturbance to the roots.
- 2 Plant 2 to 4 gerbera seeds in each peat pot.
- Cover the seeds with about one-eighth inch of potting mixture, no more than 2 to 4 times the diameter of the seeds.
- 3 Place the peat pots in a tray filled with warm water.
- Allow the pots to absorb water until the potting mixture is lightly moist but not soggy.
- 4 Cover the peat pots with clear plastic.
- Place the pots in a warm room where temperatures are maintained between 72 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
- If necessary, use an electric warming mat for seed starting.
- 5 Check the pots daily and mist the potting mixture as needed to keep the soil lightly moist.
- Watch for the seeds to germinate in one to two weeks.
- 6 Remove the plastic as soon as the seeds germinate.
- Move the peat pots to a location where they are exposed to bright light for 16 hours per day.
- Turn the pots every two to three days so the plants grow straight and don t lean towards the light.
- Place the pots below a fluorescent light if you can t provide bright natural light.
- Allow 18 inches between the pots and the bulb.
- 7 Keep temperatures after germination slightly cooler, 65 to 70 F during the day and about 10 inches cooler at night.
- 8 Fertilize the gerbera daisies once every week, beginning when the seedlings have two true leaves.
- Apply a general purpose liquid fertilizer diluted to half the strength recommended on the fertilizer container.
- After the first three to four weeks, apply the fertilizer full strength once every two weeks.
- 9 Plant the gerbera daisy seedlings outdoors when all danger of frost is past and the plants are 4 to 6 inches tall, with sturdy stems and three to four sets of leaves.
- 10 Harden the gerbera daisies beginning two to three weeks before planting them outdoors.
- Place the seedlings in a shady, protected area in temperatures between 45 and 50 F.
- Gradually move the seedlings into direct sunlight, increasing the time every day until the plants are in sunlight all day.
- 11 Prepare a garden spot in full sunlight.
- Spade the soil to a depth of 8 to 10 inches, and then dig in 2 to 3 inches of manure or compost.
- 12 Dig a hole for each seedling.
- Plant the seedling in the hole with the crown of the plant -- the point where the stem joins the roots -- slightly above the surface of the soil.
- Allow 12 to 18 inches between each plant.
- Pat soil lightly around the roots, and then water to moisten the roots.
- Pruning: Remove old, discolored leaves and faded flowers and stems to maintain your gerbera plants, prevent fungus infections and to encourage new growth.
- Gerberas like to dry out somewhat between waterings, so take extra care not to water too much during periods of rainfall, as this can lead to root rot.
- When grown as perennials, gerberas will need to be dug up every couple of years to be divided.
- To do so, split crowns with a sharp knife, remove dead roots and replant flowers immediately.
- These beautiful blooms are perfect for any occasion (or for no occasion!) and for any region! It’s widely recognized that sending colored Gerbera Daisies represents different emotions, similar to what each rose color means.
- The best thing? Gerberas are easy to care for, whether in a vase/pot inside, or planted/potted outside.