Annona Squamosa Sharifa, Custard Apple, Sitafal - 0.5 Kg Seeds
In Bengali: ata (আতা)
In Gujarati: sitaphal (સીતાફળ)
In Hindi: sharifa (शरीफ़ा)
In Kannada: sitaphala (ಸೀತಾಫಲ)
In Malayalam: aathakka (ആത്തക്ക) / seethappazham (സീതപ്പഴം)
In Marathi: sitaphal (सीताफळ)
In Punjabi: sharifa (ਸ਼ਰੀਫਾ)
In Tamil: sitappalam (சீதாப்பழம்)
In Telugu: sita phalamu (సీతా ఫలము)literally meaning Sita's fruit.
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Custard Apple is full of vitamin C anti-oxidants, which helps to combat many diseases and also enhances the immune system. Custard apple is abundant with potassium, magnesium and contains vitamin A, calcium, copper, fiber and phosphorous. It has high calorific value, able to provide sustained energy and delicious in nature. The luscious fruit is eaten throughout the world.
Eating custard apple will help you to save from many diseases and disorders. The fruit is good for heart, skin, and bone, and maintains blood pressure. Custard apple is also helpful in curing of boils, ulcers and gum related problems. The leaves of this fruits work against cancer and bark can be used in case of toothache and gum pain.
Common name: Sugar Apple, Sweetsop, Kaner apra, Pomme Canelle, Tapotapo, Fun Li Chi, Anon, Anona Blanca, Ati, Ates.
Color: greenish - yellow
Height: 3 to 8 metres
Difficulty level: Easy
Planting & Care
Custard apple is a tropical branched tree or shrub, indigenous to the Amazon rainforest. It grows around 3 meters to 8 meters in length. The leaves are thin and oblong, while the flowers are greenish - yellow. The conical fruit, with a purple knobby skin, is very sweet and eaten fresh or can be used for milkshakes, ice- creams and even sherbets.
The fruit is juicy and creamy-white and looks like a giant raspberry. The plant is native to both America and India. It is popularly known as ‘Sharifa’ in India.
Sunlight: Full sun
Soil: Well-adapted to most well-drained soil types, including the sands and limestone based soils. PH preference: 5.5-6.5
Water: Water moderatelty.
Top 10 Benefits of Custard Apple.
1.The plenty of nutrients, especially magnesium in custard apple is good in prevention of strokes and heart attacks.
2.For healthy hair growth, the custard fruit is highly recommended.
3.The fruit is good for eyes due to adequate presence of vitamin A.
4.Regular intake of custard apple reduces the chances of rheumatism and other forms of arthritis as it helpful in flux out of excessive acids.
5.The anaemic patient should eat custard apple regularly as the fruit has good percentage of iron.
6.The obese person should avoid it but the fruit is good for underweight people to increase weight.
7.As per study, it has been found that custard apple is the excellent source of copper. Copper being a part of haemoglobin, the fruit is extremely suggested for pregnant women. Women who doesn’t have necessary copper, there is chances of early baby born.
8.Brittleness of bone is also caused due to lack of copper.
9.Custard apple may be used as substitute of milk by making the fruit into beverages.
10.It contains vitamin B6, thus helpful in resolving the problem of sore tongue, convulsion and depression.
- Medicinal Uses of Custard Apple
Custard apple has many medicinal benefits.
- The paste of the flesh of custard apple is beneficial to treat boils, abscesses and ulcers.
- The dried crushed parts of custard apple are good in curing of diarrhoea and dysentery.
- Eating custard removes expectorants.
The bark of the custard apple tree is used for herbal medicine because of containing of astringents and tannins.
- The bark of the tree is used in treatment of toothache too.
- Health Benefits of Custard Apple Custard apple contains many nutrients and minerals that are beneficial for healthy life.
- The different nutrients with its health benefits are given as:
Vitamin C: Custard apple contains anti-oxidant vitamin C, which fights free radicals thereby preventing diseases.
Vitamin A: Vitamin A in the fruits is beneficial in keeping skin and hair healthy.
- This vitamin is good for eyes too.
Potassium: Potassium in the sweet fruits makes you active and removes the lethargies.
- Potassium also helps to fight muscle weakness.
Magnesium: Magnesium helps to maintain water balance in the body.
- It is good for arthritic patients by removing acids from joints.
Copper: Copper in custard apple works against constipation.
Fiber: It has plentiful of fiber, which is helpful in smooth digestion and eases constipation.
Nutritional Facts of Custard Apple
The 100 gram of custard apple is having nutrition in following forms: calories (80-101), protein (68g), fat (0.
- 5g), carbohydrate (20g), fiber (0.
- 9 g), calcium (17.
- 6 mg), phosphorous (14.
- 7mg), Iron (0.
- 42 mg), carotene (0.
- 007 mg), thiamine (0.
- 075 mg), riboflavin (0.
- 086 mg), niacin (0.
- 528m), ascorbic acid (15 mg), nicotinic acid (0.
- 5 mg).
The good part of custard apple tree is that its remains disease free most of the time; however, it is susceptible to fungus and wilt. Ants can create problems for the fruit, by producing mealy bugs on it.
The roots of the tree are quite powerful and can cause abortions; hence, expecting mothers should take care while eating the herb.