Ziziphus Mauritiana, Ber ( Grafted ) - Plant
Common name: Chinese date, ber, Chinee/Chinkee apple, jujube, Indian plum, Regi pandu, Indian jujube and masau
Color: white or greenish white
Bloom time: February and April.
Height: 2-3 meter
Difficulty level: February and April.
Planting & Care
Propagation: The Ber was commonly propagated by seeds during earlier period. But main disadvantage of this method is of heterozygosity and variability in seedling progeny. Therefore, propagation of superior varieties by patch budding is recommended. For raising a budded plantation, it is considered best to sow ber seeds in the field itself at proper distances and use the seedlings thus raised for budding in situ. For early germination of ber seeds, breaking of endocarp (hard seed coat) gives quick germination.Planting season: Monsoon season offers best choice, for raising in situ plantation in Maharashtra and arid and semi-arid parts of our country, at a spacing of 6 x 6 m.Protective irrigation during summer months will ensure the survival and good growth of the plants. Deheading these seedlings to ground level in the month of May helps to give new shoots by July. Patch budding these shoots in July helps to convert it into choice variety.
Sunlight: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Soil: Ber plant grows on a wide variety of soils ranging from shallow to deep and from gravelly and sandy to clayey. The ber develops a deep tap root system within a short period of its growth, and as such to adverse soil conditions. Ber can also withstand alkalinity and slightly waterlogged conditions. It can, in fact, withstand and often do better than most fruits on poor soils.
Temprature: 12-23 C
Fertilizer: The Ber was commonly propagated by seeds during earlier period. But main disadvantage of this method is of heterozygosity and variability in seedling progeny. Therefore, propagation of superior varieties by patch budding is recommended. For raising a budded plantation, it is considered best to sow ber seeds in the field itself at proper distances and use the seedlings thus raised for budding in situ. For early germination of ber seeds, breaking of endocarp (hard seed coat) gives quick germination.
- If left to itself ber trees would attain bushy, large unmanageable form but the production per unit area is quite low.
- In order to keep the plant in manageable shape and size, trees be trained properly during first 2-3 years to build a strong framework.
- By providing support with bamboo stick to the new growth of sprout from either in situ or transplanted seedling, vertical growth is encouraged Once the growth is about 1-1.
- 5 meter, the terminal growth Is pinched, allowing lower buds on main stem to sprout and form main branches.
- After sufficient growth, these primary branches be pinched to develop secondary branches.
- Thus plants are trained by pruning and kept in manageable shape, size with well developed framework.
- Pruning: Pruning is an essential operation in ber production as fruits are borne in the axil of leaves on the young shoots of current season.
- Pruning is therefore, done every year to induce maximum number of new healthy shoots which bear good quality fruits.
- The best time for pruning was observed to be 15th April to 15th May under prevailing climatic condition of Maharashtra.
- Special Horticultural practices:
Special Horticultural practices:Attempts to increase fruit set, fruit size and early/delayed maturity through application of growth regulators proved to effective.The growth regulators like GA, NAA, CCC and Ethephon were used. GA (10 ppm) and NAA (10 ppm) during fruit development and Ethephon one month before harvesting were sprayed. Application of NAA increased the yield of fruits with cost benefit ratio of 1:3:30.
- Root, leaf, Fruit
for medicinal use, please consult appropriate doctor / physian befor use.