Long Pepper, Pippali - Plant

long pepper, pippali - plant title=
Note: The image is for reference purpose. Actual plant height will be 0.5 to 3ft.
Long pepper is an unripe spike of Piper longum Linn, a slender aromatic perennial climber belonging to the family Piperaceae.
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Piper longum is a slender creeping under shrub and rooting below, young shoots downy; leaves 5-9 cm long; 5 cm wide, ovate, cordate with broad rounded lobes at base, sub-acute, entire,glabrous; bearing unisexual flowers in solitary erect spikes during or just after the rainy season.

The male spikes larger, slender and are 2.5 to 7.5 cm long while the female spikes are 1.25 to about 2 cm long when in flower and growing to about 3 cm when in fruit. The berries are ovoid, yellowish orange, sunk in the thick rachis about 0.25 cm in diameter.

Common name: Pipalli
Difficulty level: easy

Planting & Care
The rooted cuttings or suckers are planted in pits at the rate of 2 per pit with onset of monsoon during May-June. The pits are gap filled one month after planting. About 50,000 Nos seedlings are required for one hectare. Long pepper is planted as an inter crop in coconut, arecanut and other plantation crops.

Sunlight: Full sun to partial shade

Soil: It flourishes well in organic matter rich fertile, well-drained loamy soils. pH between 6.2 and 7.0.

Water: Keep the soil moist.

Temprature: Average

Fertilizer: Organic or timed-release fertilizer.

Care:
  • Peppers have a naturally upright growth habit, so they often benefit from staking, which keeps brittle branches from breaking when they become heavy with fruit.

Use
Culinary use:
  • Its hot-and-sweet taste goes well with spicy cheese specialties or wine sauces.
  • In India, the long pepper is mainly used in pickles (achar).

Ornamental use:
  • Colorful peppers also make great additions to beds planted with flowers and other edible ornamentals, where they can easily serve as specimen plants.
  • In beds or rows, the best spacing for most pepper plants is 18 to 24 inches apart


Reference:
http://assamagribusiness.nic.in/
http://www.medindia.net/
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