Cress Common - Seeds
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Also known as Peppergrass, Pepper cress, Mustard cress, Lepidium sativum . It belongs to Brassicaceae Family .
The easiest of the cresses to grow, garden cress can be harvested in as little as two weeks after sowing. It’s peppery taste adds zing to salads, but hot weather makes this cool-season crop bitter and inedible.
Flower color: white
Sunlight: full sun / part shade. Prefers part shade during hot summer weather.
Soil conditions: requires well-drained soil. Prefers moist, fertile soil with high organic matter and pH 6.0 to 6.7
Special locations: outdoor containers - Good for windowsill gardens in winter.
Germination temperature: 55 F to 75 F
Days to emergence: 2 to 7 - In early spring when soils are cold (~45 F), germination may take two weeks.
Seed can be saved 5 years.
Maintenance and care:
Plant in early spring as soon as you can work the soil. Broadcast seed and cover very lightly with soil or compost. A small patch (1- to 2-feet square) provides plenty of cress.
Make succession plantings every 2 to 3 weeks until weather warms. Start planting fall crops when weather cools in late summer.
You can intercrop cress with carrots or radishes, or mix it with other salad green crops.
Keep cress well watered and provide shade when weather warms.
Garden cress is added to soups, sandwiches and salads for its tangy flavor. It is also eaten as sprouts, and the fresh or dried seed pods can be used as a peppery seasoning (haloon). In England, cut cress shoots are commonly used in sandwiches with boiled eggs, mayonnaise and salt.
Garden cress can grow almost anywhere.
Garden cress, known as chandrashoor, and the seeds, known as halloon in India, are commonly used in the system of Ayurveda to prevent postnatal complications.
Garden cress seeds, since ancient times, have been used in local traditional medicine of India. Garden cress seeds are bitter, thermogenic, depurative, rubefacient,galactogogue, tonic, aphrodisiac, ophthalmic, antiscorbutic,antihistaminic and diuretic. They are useful in the treatment of asthma, coughs with expectoration, poultices for sprains, leprosy, skin disease, dysentery, diarrhoea, splenomegaly, dyspepsia, lumbago, leucorrhoea, scurvy and seminal weakness.
Seeds have been shown to reduce the symptoms of asthma and improve lung function in asthmatics.The seeds have been reported as possessing a hypoglycemic property and the seed mucilage is used as a substitute for gum arabic and tragacanth