Bottle Gourd F1 Hybrid Sumant- Seeds
The sizes vary from six inches in length to more than six feet.
Common name: calabash, cucuzza, sorakaya, lauki, doodhi, and ghiya
Height: Height: 10-12 feet
Spread: 12 feet
Difficulty level: Easy
Planting & Care
The bottle gourd is a vigorous, annual, running or climbing vine with large leaves and a lush appearance. It grows fast and may begin to flower only 2 months after seeding. The vine is branched and climbs by means of tendrils along the stem. The foliage is covered with soft hairs and has a foul musky odour when crushed.
The leaves of the bottle gourd are up to 15 inches wide, circular in overall shape, with smooth margins, a few broad lobes, or with undulate margins.
Sunlight: Full sun
Soil: Sandy loamy soils rich in organic matter with good drainage and the pH ranges from 6.5 to 7.5 is suited for bottle gourd cultivation.
Water: Irrigate the field before dibbling the seeds and thereafter once a week.
Temprature: This crop requires a moderate warm temperature.
Fertilizer: Apply a side dressing of 3 lbs. of 10-10-10 fertilizer per 100 square feet of garden when the vines start to run. Water the fertilizer into the ground well.
- The bottle gourd is an annual plant that grows on vines.
- It has large leaves and it looks very lush as it grows.
- The plant grows quite quickly and may show flowers only two months after it’s planted.
- The vines will grow on trellis and the leaves c?n be up to 15 inches wide.
- PlantingChoose a location that is sunny and has good drainage.
- If you have a location that is suitable and near a fence, the vines will climb the fence and save you from installing a trellis.
- Plan planting for spring when all threat of frost is gone and the soil has warmed and dried out a bit.
- Remove all grass, weeds and stones from the garden bed.
- Place an inch of composted manure on top of the bed and work it into the soil.
- This can be done with a hoe or you may want to use a tiller.
- Plant seeds 2 feet apart from each other in rows 5 feet apart.
- If you are not next to a fence install a trellis or arbour immediately after planting, so you do not disturb growing roots.
- You may also allow the vines to run on the ground; however the gourds will have a flat, dark side where they lay on the ground.
- Water the soil completely immediately after planting.
- Keep the seeds moist for the first 2 weeks, then cut back watering to once a week if there is no rain.
- More water may be needed during very hot, dry or windy weather.
- Apply a side dressing of 3 lbs.
- of 10-10-10 fertilizer per 100 square feet of garden when the vines start to run.
- Water the fertilizer into the ground well.
- Mulch around the plants to conserve moisture and to keep weeds from growing.
- If you did not install a trellis or plant near a fence, keep the vines above the mulch so the gourds won t be sitting directly on the ground.
Harvesting: Weeding can be done by hoeing as and when necessary. Fruit rot during rainy season can be checked by training the plants over the bamboo stick or dried branches.
- Weeding can be done by hoeing as and when necessary.
- Fruit rot during rainy season can be checked by training the plants over the bamboo stick or dried branches.
- Pests Mites: Spray dicofol 18.
- 5 % SC @ 2.
- 5 ml per litre of water.
- Aphid: Spray Imidachloprid @ 0.
- 5 ml/lit along with sufficient quantity of stickers like Teepol, triton X100, apsa etc.
- , for better adhesion and coverage.
- Beetles, fruit flies and caterpillars can be controlled by spraying Malathion 50 EC 1 ml/lit.
- or Dimethoate 30 EC 1 ml/lit.
- or Methyl demeton 25 EC 1 ml/lit.
- Do not use DDT,copper and sulphur dust as these are phytotoxic.
- Powdery mildew can be controlled by spraying Dinocap 1 ml/lit.
- or Carbendazim 0.
- 5 g/lit or Tridemorph l ml/l.
- Downy mildew can be controlled by spraying Mancozeb or Chlorothalonil 2 g/lit.
- twice at 10 days interval.
Select small, tender, and firm bottlegourds (light green and fresh-looking); prick the skin, and if it s thin, it s tender. You can use tender bottlegourds with the peel and tender seeds. To use mature bottlegourd, remove the peel and seeds.
Taste the bottlegourds before cooking, as they can sometimes be bitter.
Wrap in plastic and refrigerate to keep the bottlegourds fresh.
Use them for curries, soups, salads, chutneys, jams or desserts. Their neutral taste lends itself to a variety of dishes, both savory and sweet.
- Including bottle gourd in your regular diet reduces fatigue and maintains freshness especially in the summer.
It is rich in, thiamine, vitamin C, zinc, iron and magnesium thus helping in improving overall health.
Cooked bottle gourd is anti-bilious and it helps one relax after eating.
Almost 96% of the bottle gourd is water which makes it very light and easy to digest.
- Bottle gourd is commonly used for treating indigestion, constipation, and diarrhoea.
- Bottle gourd juice with a pinch of salt is also used to treat dehydration caused by diarrhoea.
Very effective in the treatment of acidity and ulcers.
The water content in bottle gourd along with the high fibre content helps with digestive disorders like constipation, flatulence and piles.
Bottle gourd is also believed to help the liver function in a balanced fashion.
The juice from bottle gourd leaves help cure jaundice.
If consumed with lime juice, gourd juice will effectively treat burning sensations in the urinary passage.
- It serves as an alkaline mixture.
The juice of bottle gourd is a valuable medicine for excessive thirst due to severe diarrhoea, diabetes and excessive use of fatty or fried foods.
The gourd fruit juice is used in the treatment of insanity, epilepsy and other nervous diseases.
It has sodium of 1.
- 8 mg per 100 gm and 87 mg of potassium making it a suitable vegetable for hypertensive patents.
A mixture of bottle gourd juice and sesame oil acts as an effective medicine for insomnia, it should be massaged on the scalp every night.
Bottle gourd juice also helps in the breakdown of kidney stones.
The bitter variety is prescribed as a cardiac tonic, as an antidote to poisoning and for alleviating bronchitis, cough, asthma and biligenic affections.
- Calories: One cup of bottle gourd contains only 18 calories which is less than 1 percent of the daily suggested intake and is lower than many other types of vegetables, such as red potatoes which contain 150 calories if consumed in the same quantity.
Fibre Content: Unlike many other types of vegetables, bottle gourds are low in carbohydrates.
- Each cup of cooked bottle gourd contains just 4 g of carbohydrates.
- This can make bottle gourds one of the few vegetables suitable for low-carbohydrate dieting.
Protein Content: Bottle gourds are low in protein as each cup contains 1 g.
- Your body needs protein to build and repair cells and tissues, so you should always include protein rich foods in your diet unless otherwise instructed by your doctor.
For medicinal use, please consult appropriate doctor / physician before use.
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