Hosta - Plant
Hostas are hardy, herbaceous perennials meaning they emerge each spring from winter dormancy. Unlike many perennials, they are primarily grown for their foliage.
Common name: Plantain Lily, Funkias
Color: white and lavender, Foliage colors range from chartreuse to deep blue-green, and many varieties have striking variegation.
Bloom time: Summer
Height: 6 inches to 3 ft.
Difficulty level: Easy care/low maintenance
Planting & Care
Hostas are generally purchased as potted plants which means they can be planted any time during the growing season including summer and fall as long as adequate moisture is provided. Work organic matter into the soil at the time of planting.
If the hosta is root-bound in the container, tease the roots loose before planting. Use a root stimulator solution at the time of planting to encourage root growth, then mulch to a depth of 1" to 1-1/2". Keep the soil evenly moist for at least a couple of months or until the plant is established.
Sunlight: Light to full shade.
Soil: Well drained soil. For the best care of hostas, plant them in rich organic soil with a slightly acidic pH.
Water: When placed in sites with more sun exposure, additional water will be needed to help avoid leaf scorch. While trees provide essential shade, they also compete with hostas for moisture and nutrients. Once established, hosta can tolerate a drier shade although they will always be more vigorous with consistent moisture.
Temprature: The plants need about eight weeks of temperatures below forty degrees. Freeze and thaw can harm the plants if you are in an area that experiences warm days and extremely cold nights.
Fertilizer: Hosta growers prefer an annual application of 10-10-10.
- Once your plant is established, hosta care becomes a matter of simple maintenance.
- To keep your growing hostas healthy, fertilize them each spring with an all-purpose garden fertilizer.
- Additional summer fertilizing may be helpful, but not necessary.
- Granular fertilizers should never sit on the leaves.
- Another difficulty in hosta care is slugs, which leave unsightly holes in the leaves.
- A light scattering of sand around your plants will help keep them away.
- Hosta plants are a beautiful addition to any garden and fit well in a variety of spaces, ranging from a few inches to four feet across.
- Care of hostas is easy and now you’ve discovered the basics of how to grow hostas, you’ll find them a welcome addition to your yard.
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Buy ready to use nutrient rich soil:
In general use a soil-based compost placed over a generous layer of drainage material such as earthenware crocks, pebbles or gravel. Water and feed regularly, especially while plants are bearing flowers and fruit, when a high-potash fertilizer is recommended.
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Using pebbles in a garden brings different colours and textures to the garden. Pebbles can also fill up otherwise empty space in the garden, leaving a visual that might be considered more interesting and aesthetic than simple dirt, soil or mulch.