German Chamomile - Seeds
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Chamomile is a perennial herb with attractive flowers that are often used to make herbal tea, valued for its relaxing qualities. Chamomile is also used in cosmetics and for medicinal purposes such as indigestion, toothache and burns. Growing chamomile in your garden is an easy project.
Chamomile's dainty daisylike blooms glisten when dew-spangled and glow in moonlight. Carpet a garden path or patio with Roman chamomile, a flowering groundcover that releases a delicate fragrance when crushed underfoot. Use this herbal groundcover in the garden to edge beds with a feathery, fast-spreading quilt or to cascade artfully over the rim of containers.
Scientific Name: Matricaria recutita (also called Matricaria chamomilla)
Plant Type: German chamomile (Matricaria recutita) is an annual flower, while Roman chamomile (Anthemis nobilis) is a perennial flower
Light: Sun,Part Sun
Bloom Time: Blooms from late spring through summer
Landscape Uses: Containers,Beds & Borders,Slopes,Groundcover
Special Features: Flowers,Fragrant,Attracts Butterflies,Drought Tolerant,Deer Resistant,Easy to Grow
Light: Full sun to part shade
Water: Keep the potting soil moist but never soggy. Sandy, well-draining soil is best for chamomile.
Zone: The chamomile plant doesn’t do well if temperatures reach 100 degrees. Provide shade or bring their container into an indoor garden if summers are hot.
Fertilizer: Fertilize your chamomile plant once a month with slow-release fertilizer. Chamomile does well without supplemental fertilization.
Pests and Diseases: Chamomile plants are hardy and not susceptible to many insect pests or diseases. Look out for aphids and mealybugs.
Propagation: Propagate the chamomile plant by collecting seeds. Leave several flower heads on the plant so they can produce seeds. Plant the chamomile seeds outdoors in the balcony garden (they need light to germinate) after the last frost. Chamomile seeds germinate in one to two weeks. You can also take cuttings from another chamomile plant. Cut at least 3 to 5 inches of stem tips.
Choose the Right Type of Chamomile:
- There are two main types of chamomile, each with its own distinct properties.
- German chamomile is an annual herb that reaches heights of 2-3 feet.
- Roman chamomile is a perennial herb that only reaches a height of 4-12 inches, making it a good candidate for ground cover.
- Find a Suitable Place:
- Chamomile plants need an area that receives full sun.
- If space is limited, consider growing this herb in a container either indoors or on a patio.
- Both herb gardens and flower gardens make great homes for the chamomile plant.
- Prepare the soil:
- Proper drainage is important, but soil needs to hold moisture for the plant to grow.
- Soil should be average to rich in quality. Amend poor soil by working in rotted compost or organic matter.
- The acidity of the soil is another factor to consider. Chamomile will grow in a wide range of acidic soil anything with 5.6 – 7.5 pH. There are soil testing kits available at most gardening or home supply stores, or you can have your soil tested by a professional to find out if any adjustments are necessary.
Steps for Planting Chamomile:
- Properly prepare the soil before planting.
- Seeds need light to germinate, so rather than sowing the seeds, broadcast them onto moist soil in the spring after the last frost.
- Allow one to two weeks for the plants to germinate.
- When seedlings have developed, thin the plants to 6 inches for ground cover or 18 inches for decorative plants.
- Apply fertilizer regularly to achieve maximum plant growth.
- Water regularly to keep the soil moist. Placing mulch around the plants will help to retain moisture.
Steps for Care and Maintenance:
- Remove all dead flowers, otherwise known as deadheading, regularly to keep new blossoms forming.
- Harvest flowers by cutting them off as they reach their peak bloom; use fresh in tea or dry for winter use.
- To dry, place flowers on a tray and allow to dry thoroughly in a cool, dark place. Store in an air-tight container.
- In the fall, cut the plant down and cover with mulch to provide protection from harsh winter weather.
- Once planted, this plant will self-seed to produce new plants each year.
Harvest the entire chamomile flower head once it blooms and dry it to make tea. Harvesting (deadheading) the chamomile plant's flowers the day they bloom will provide the best-flavored tea, and it will promote more blooms.
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