Celery Cutting Leaf Common - Seeds
Perhaps the most difficult vegetable to grow in many areas, this long-season crop must be started inside. Seeds are slow to germinate, and if transplanted outside too early, plants will bolt in response to cold. Also requires consistent moisture and dislikes heat
Biennial grown as an annual.
Shape: cushion, mound or clump, upright.
Common name: Celery
Height: Maximum height of 8-12 inches (20-25 cm).
Difficulty level: Easy
Planting & Care
Celery is a cool-weather crop. It requires 16 weeks of cool weather to come to harvest. Start celery seed indoors 8 to 10 weeks before the last frost in spring. Set transplants in the garden 2 to 3 weeks before the average last frost date when seedlings have 5 to 6 leaves. (To delay transplanting time and slow growth, cut seedlings down to 3 inches tall and then allow them to grow on.)
Cold weather will inhibit growth as will warm weather. Temperatures below 50°F for more than 12 hours may cause celery to bolt. In cool spring and summer regions, plant celery in early spring. In warm spring and summer regions, plant celery in late summer for harvest in late autumn or early winter.
Sunlight: Full sun, part shade, Prefers full sun.
Soil: Tolerates damp soil, requires high fertility, Prefers rich soil, high in organic matter with pH 6.0 to 7.0 and consistent, plentiful supply of moisture. Can tolerate soils that are less than well-drained because it was originally a wetland plant.
Water: Requires quite a lot of moisture – plant it in a wet area and water regularly
Fertilizer: Fertilize regularly. Add mulch as needed, to help retain soil moisture and add nutrients.
- Celery seeds should always be started indoors for the best success rate, 8 to 10 weeks before the average last frost date for your area.
- For summer gardeners, a late summer direct sowing is possible.
- Be sure that temps will stay between 55 and 70ºF throughout growing period.
- The National Gardening Association recommends soaking seeds in warm water overnight prior to planting, to reduce germination time.
- Work organic fertilizer or compost into the soil prior to planting.
- Harden off seedlings before transplanting by reducing water slightly, and keeping them outdoors for a couple hours a day.
- Transplant seedlings 10 to 12 inches apart, direct sow seeds ¼ inch deep.
- These will need to be thinned to 12 inches apart when they reach about six inches high.
- Mulch and water directly after planting.
Harvesting: The parts of celery that are harvested are mainly the stalks, which will be above ground. Harvest stalks from the outside in. You may begin harvesting when stalks are about 8 inches tall. Celery can be kept in the garden for up to a month if soil is built up around it to maintain an ideal temperature. Note: Celery will tolerate a light frost, but not consecutive frosts. Tip: The darker the stalks become, the more nutrients they will contain. Texture changes with colour, dark green stalks will be tougher. Keep celery in a plastic bag, in the refrigerator. It should be used within two weeks.
- Celery is a heavy feeder.
- It also requires lots of water.
- Make sure to provide plenty of water during the entire growing season, especially during hot, dry weather.
- If celery does not get enough water, the stalks will be dry, and small.
- Add plenty of compost and mulch around the plants to retain moisture.
- Fertilize regularly.
- Add mulch as needed, to help retain soil moisture and add nutrients.
- Tie growing celery stalks together to keep them from sprawling.
- Health benefits of Celery
One of the very low calories herbal plants, celery leaves contain only 16 calories per 100 g weight and lots of non-soluble fiber (roughage) which when combined with other weight loss regimens may help to reduce body weight and blood cholesterol levels.
Celery is a functional food.
- Its leaves are rich source of flavonoid antioxidants such as zea-xanthin, lutein, and beta-carotene, which have been anti-oxidant, cancer protective and immune-boosting functions.
Its leaves are a good source of vitamin-A.
- 100 g fresh celery comprises of 449 IU or 15% of daily-required levels of this vitamin.
- Vitamin-A and beta-carotene are natural flavonoid antioxidants.
- Vitamin A is also required for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin, and for eye-sight.
- Consumption of natural foods rich in flavonoids helps the body to protect from lung and oral cavity cancers.
The herb is also rich in many vital vitamins, including folic acid (provides 9% of RDA), riboflavin, niacin and vitamin-C, which are essential for optimum metabolism.
Fresh celery is an excellent source of vitamin-K, provides about 25% of DRI.
- Vitamin-K helps increase bone mass by promoting osteotrophic activity in the bones.
- It also has established role in Alzheimer s disease patients by limiting neuronal damage in the brain.
The herb is a very good source of minerals like potassium, sodium, calcium, manganese, and magnesium.
- Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps control heart rate and blood pressure.
Its leaves and seeds contain many essential volatile oils that include terpenes, mostly limonene (75 to 80%), and the sesquiterpenes like ß-selinene (10%) and humulene; however, its characteristic fragrance is due to chemical compounds known as phthalides (butylphthalid and its dihydro derivate sedanenolid) in them.
Essential oil obtained from extraction of celery plant has been used in soothing remedies for nervousness, osteoarthritis, and gouty-arthritis conditions.
- In addition, its seeds, and root have a diuretic (removes excess water from the body through urine), galactogogue (help breast milk secretion), stimulant, and tonic properties.
- The leaves have a strong, almost peppery flavour that makes for a great accent in cooking.
You may also need below items for gardening
Recommended Planters :
Add a splash of beauty to balconies, patios, walls, fences & window sills with durable,light weight, Rotomolded planters.
Buy ready to use nutrient rich soil:
In general use a soil-based compost placed over a generous layer of drainage material such as earthenware crocks, pebbles or gravel. Water and feed regularly, especially while plants are bearing flowers and fruit, when a high-potash fertilizer is recommended.
Buy Decorative Pebbles :
Decorate planters or garden landscapes with these decorative pebbles :
Using pebbles in a garden brings different colours and textures to the garden. Pebbles can also fill up otherwise empty space in the garden, leaving a visual that might be considered more interesting and aesthetic than simple dirt, soil or mulch.