Himalayan Silver Birch - Plant
Common name: Alnus nepalensis
Color: Yellowish brown (male) and green (female)
Bloom time: April to May
Height: 30.00 to 40.00 feet
Difficulty level: easy to grow
Planting & Care
Overhead wires - A common mistake is planting young trees under overhead wires. Remember that most birch trees growing in yards can reach 40-50 feet in height.
Avoid areas that are compacted or likely to become compacted, such as along trails or driveways. Remember, birch trees have a very shallow root system that can be easily damaged by soil disturbance.
Sunlight: Full sun to part shade
Soil: well-drained soil
Water: Medium to wet
Temprature: 13-26 deg.
Fertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer
- you add soil amendments, though it can be difficult to maintain the soil pH over the life span of a tree (discuss this with your county extension agent).
- Soil tests can be obtained at many county extension offices and some nurseries.
The white-barked trees are more likely to do well in cooler climates, though yellow birch, river birch, and Heritage river birch also do well in cooler areas.
- In far northern areas such as northern Minnesota
Not recommended for the St. Louis climate. River birch is a better selection for St. Louis. In cool northern climates, this white birch is an excellent landscape tree that displays a graceful form and mixes well with evergreens.
- The plant is used for ornamental purpose
In addition, Japanese beetles may significantly damage the foliage. Although these birches have some susceptibility to aphids, birch leaf miner, birch skeletonizer and dieback, these problems are usually considered to be somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer. Plants stressed by insects seem more susceptible to cankers.
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In general use a soil-based compost placed over a generous layer of drainage material such as earthenware crocks, pebbles or gravel. Water and feed regularly, especially while plants are bearing flowers and fruit, when a high-potash fertilizer is recommended.
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