Dahlia Figaro Mix Colors - Seeds
Dahlias make excellent cut flowers, which will typically last about a week in the house.
Common name: dahlia
Color: Dahlia blooms come in nearly every colour of the rainbow and a range of flower forms -- from daisy-like singles to more alienesque quilled types.
Bloom time: July- October
Height: Dahlia plants range in height from as low as 12 inches to as tall as 6-8 feet.
Difficulty level: Easy
Planting & Care
Plant dahlia tubers in spring after all danger of frost has passed and the soil has warmed. Prepare the garden bed by using a garden fork or tiller to loosen the soil to a depth of 12 to 15 inches, then mix in a 2- to 4-inch layer of compost. Dig a hole about three times as deep as the diameter of the tuber, usually between 3 and 8 inches.
Set the tuber horizontally in the hole with the buds facing up, cover it with soil, and press firmly. Space tubers 1 to 3 feet apart, depending on the variety, and water thoroughly. Stake tall varieties at planting time, being careful not to damage tubers when installing stakes.
Sunlight: Dahlia plants grow and bloom best in full sun.
Soil: Dahlias tolerate most soil types, but prefer a sandy, well drained, slightly acidic soil with a pH of 6.2- 6.5. If your soil is heavy or clay, adding sand and peat moss will help to lighten it.
Water: Water established Dahlias thoroughly and deeply once a week. Water more frequently if it s very hot.
Temprature: Maintain a temperature in the growing medium of 70°-85°F until germination which takes from 7-21 days.
Fertilizer: Fertilizer (17 : 17 :17 ) application [ 1 g per litre of water ] has to be stared ten days after transplanting ( 30 days after sowing in case of direct sown crops). This can be repeated once in ten days. Spray 1.5 g of dittany M-45 during rainy season once in 15 days.
- Dahlia tubers should not be planted until all danger of frost has passed, and the soil temperature reaches 58°-60° F.
- Excessively wet soil may cause the tubers to rot, so if your weather has been wet and stormy, you may want to wait for a drying trend.
- Dig and prepare a 12 inch diameter by 12 inch deep planting hole.
- Mix a shovel full of compost, a handful of bone meal, and a little Dolomite lime to the soil that was removed.
- Fill the planting hole with the soil mixture until it is about six inches deep.
- Then place the Dahlia tuber horizontally in the bottom of the hole with the eye pointing upward.
- Tall varieties of Dahlias will need staking, so this is a good time to set an appropriate size stake into the ground next to the tuber, near the eye.
- This will prevent damage to the tuber which can result if it is added after the tuber has begun to grow.
- Cover the tuber with about two inches of your soil mixture and water thoroughly.
- When the sprout begins to emerge from the soil, gradually add more soil mix until the hole is entirely filled.
- Staking DahliasOnce your Dahlia attains sufficient height, secure it loosely to the stake.
- It is recommended to use a length of an old nylon stocking because it will stretch as the plant grows, rather than cutting into the stem, as string will do.
- Loop each tie into a figure 8, with the crossed portion between the stem and the stake to keep stems from rubbing or being choked.
- Add more ties as the stem grows until the plant is supported approximately 24 inches below the eventual top of the plant.
- To promote a compact, bushy growing habit, with more flowers, pinch back the new growth when your dahlia is about a foot high.
- If your goal is to produce massive sized flowers, remove all of the side buds at the end of each branch throughout the growing season.
- If you want your Dahlia to provide a continuous, extended flower show, you will need to remove the spent buds promptly.
- Some specimens may provide an abundance of cut flowers for the home, while others give you the opportunity to make a bold statement in your landscape by pruning, dis-budding and ultimately forcing the plant to create a few single, gigantic blooms.
- Novice Dahlia growers may want to start by selecting a few plants of varying colours, sizes and types.
- Most Dahlia gardeners will be happy to share their thoughts and experiences with you regarding their successes, failures and favourites.
- They may even be willing to share a few tubers with you.
- Once you ve grown your first crop of these beauties, you will have a much better idea of which types of Dahlias to grow in subsequent years.
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